Spread and Rest Operator in ES6

We know that ECMA6/ES2015 came up with a lot of new features and syntatic sugars. In this blog, we are going to discuss about a new feature introduced in ECMA6 that is ....

... is known as Spread/Rest operator depending upon how and where it is used.

But before we move onto discussing Spread/Rest operator, it’s important to go into the flashback and take a quick look at the following:

Output would be [1,2,3].

var user = {firstname: 'John', surname: 'Doe'};
function getUserDetails(profession, experience){
    var detail = this.firstname + ' ' + this.surname + ' is an ' + profession + ' with ' + experience + ' years of experience.'
    return detail;
getUserDetails.apply(user, ['engineer','20']);

and at many a times we have also used it as:

function getSum(){
    var sum = 0;
    for(var i=0; i<arguments.length; i++){
        sum = sum + arguments[i];
    return sum;
var numbers = [10, 10, 20, 20, 30];

We all have concatenated arrays using the concat functions. Here is an example:

var a = [1, 2];
var b = [3, 4];
Output would be `[1, 2, 3, 4]`.

Now, let’s move onto spread operator introduced in ECMA6.

function getSum(x, y, z){

We have put ... in front of array, so it spread the elements of array into individual values.

Now, let’s concatenate two arrays:

var a = [1, 2];
var b = [3, 4];
var c = [...a,...b]

Output would be [1, 2, 3, 4];

Now, let’s look at the Rest operator.

As the name suggests, Rest operator will take care of the rest of the parameters. Here is a snippet:

function numbers(x, y, ...z){
    console.log(x, y, z);
numbers(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6);

The output of above code would be 1 2 [3, 4, 5, 6].

As you can see the x and y have been assigned the values 1 and 2 respectively whereas rest of the parameters got assigned to z.

Remember: It’s the same three dots …, the how and where of use, makes these three dots Spread or Rest.

That’s all for this blog. Happy Learning folks!

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